Volcanoes are impressive structures that offer a great view when dormant, but which can be scary when they erupt. An eruption is an event were lava, gas and ashes are being expelled with an extreme force out of depths of a volcano. History is filled with such moments, and they have shaped our climate and the way the world looks at the same time.
Mount Tambora is the place where one of the worst events in Earth’s history took place. It occurred in 1815 in Sumbawa, Indonesia, a place prone to such deadly events, including earthquakes and tsunamis. On the day of the event, and the ones that followed it, almost 100.000 people died on the island. All the ashes that were released in the explosion, actually changed the weather and brought low temperatures around the world, so summer never happened, killing even more people due to starvation.
Krakatoa is a word that still brings chills to our spines today. The exotic-sounding island of Java, from Sumatra, has been almost wiped off the map by an extreme eruption in 1883. The force the volcano generated was the equivalent of 13.000 atomic bombs. More than 35.000 people died, and it holds the record to this day as the loudest thing in the world. The loud noise was enough to hurt the few people that have managed to escape from the fury of the eruption. The explosion was then preceded by a tsunami, which has brought even further destruction.
Mount Vesuvius is a popular destination even today. The Italian volcano is visited by thousands of people yearly and is one of the main attractions in Naples since it is one of the few active volcanoes in Europe. But few people realize that it erupted in 79 AD, suffocation the people of Pompeii and Herculaneum, burying them underneath the burning ashes and lava.
Mount Pelée is not something very familiar to the general public. It is situated in Martinique, a micronation from the Caribbean, colonized by the French. In 1902, the air started to be filled with toxic sulfur, and the volcano quickly exploded. The moment then generated a deadly tsunami which flooded the burning city. What’s even worse is that one side of the volcano collapse, burying people alive and destroying their farms.
And the last notable eruption in the last few thousand years was Nevado del Ruiz, which holds the record as the second deadliest volcanic eruption in the last two centuries. The Armero tragedy took place in 1985, and it killed around 22.000 people in Colombia. It is referred to as being one of the worst natural disasters in modern history and the total damage it inflicted exceeded $1 billion.